Space Frame Systems

A space frame or a truss-like, lightweight rigid structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern. Space frames can be used to span large areas with few interior supports. A space frame is strong because of the inherent rigidity of the triangle; flexing loads (bending moments) are transmitted as tension and compression loads along the length of each strut. The main types of space frame systems are:

By Grid Layers

  • Single Layer Grid
  • Double Layer Grid
  • Triple Layer Grid

By Curvature Types:

  • Flat Covers
  • Barrel Vaults
  • Spherical Domes

Advantages of Space Frame Systems

  • Light Weight
  • Economical Solutions (Compared to other Structures)
  • Standard Components & Sizes
  • Extremely Durable
  • High Versatility of Shape and Form
  • MEP Services can be Integrated within the Structure Space


Engineering & Design

• Value Engineering
• Load Design
• Rigidity Matrix
• Connection with other Building Systems
• Erection Drawings

Fabrication & Supply

• Base Material Selection for Tubes & Connectors
• Paint Finish
• Fire Resistance Treatment

Erection & Installation

• Erection by Scaffolding Method (Individual Assembly)
• Erection by Block Method (Modular Blocks Assembly)
• Erection by Lift-Up Method (Complete Structure)
• Erection & Lifting Equipment
• Erection Consumables

Erection Types

FAAB can assist the client with making the decision on which erection method to be followed, based on the following factors:

• Behavior of Load Transmission
• Construction Conditions & Required Performance
• Time Schedule
• Scale of Structure
• Jointing Methods (Welding, Riveting, Threading)
• Strength & Rigidity of the Frame while under Construction

One of three main methods of erection is normally followed for space frame structures:

Scaffold Method: The individual components (tubes & connectors) are lifted up separately to the installation location where they are assembled manually by the installation team. This is typically done for more complex structure with multi-layer grids and multiple connection points to each connector.

Block Method: The components are assembled in “blocks” on site, then each of these blocks or modules is lifted up separately to the required installation location, where it is connected to the rest of the space grid. This is normally applicable for flat and relatively simple space structures.

Lift-Up Method: The entire structure is assembled on site then lifted up at once to the installation location, where it is connected to the other structures. This is strictly done for relatively small and light-weight structures over a limited span.

Market Sectors

Public & Military

• Airports
• Schools
• Public Buildings
• Museums
• Libraries
• Highway / Toll Road Structures
• Military Bases
• Land Border Canopies


• Showrooms
• Super Markets
• Shopping Centers
• Sport Halls & Stadiums
• Service Stations